America’s Tariffs on Fabrics: Textile Import Duty in USA

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The U.S. imposes import duty on textile products from around the world. The agency responsible for collecting the tax is Customs and Border Protection (CBP), which works in conjunction with other agencies.

The U.S. imposes import duty on textile products from around the world. The agency responsible for collecting the tax is Customs and Border Protection (CBP), which works in conjunction with other agencies.

The fabric import tariff ranges from 0-20%, as revealed by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS). You can therefore expect the cost of some fabrics to be low and that of others to be relatively high.  

Factors Influencing Textile Import Duty Rates 

The import tariff applied for imports to the U.S. depends on several factors, which ultimately determine the rate of each good. Here are the crucial ones that you should keep in mind when importing. 

  1. Country of Origin

The U.S does not apply a universal tariff rate for textile products from different parts of the world. While some rates may apply to certain groups of countries, there are specific rules for nations such as China, India, and Mexico.

For manufacturers based in China, it should be noted that the U.S. prohibits the importation of fabrics sourced or manufactured in the Xinjiang region.  

  1. Processing Level 

The processing level of the fabrics determines whether the customs duty will be high or low. In this case, processing level refers to activities such as manufacturing, finishing, and treatment processes.  

  1. Type of Material 

The CBP considers the type of raw material or fiber composition of a final textile product being imported. That is why fabrics from materials such as nylon, polyester, and cotton have different tariff duties.  

Other factors that influence the import duty rate include the value of each individual unit and the intended end-use of the fabric.  

Import Duty Rates for Select Textile Goods 

Here are import duty rates for selected products, taxed per kilogram, as defined on the HTS website

  1. Cotton Fabric Tariffs
Product DescriptionImport Duty (%)
Cotton, not carded or combed having a staple length of under 28.575 mm0%
Cotton wasteYarn waste0%
Garnetted stock4%
Fibers of cotton, carded or combed, processed but not spun5%
Cotton sewing thread containing 85% or more by weight of cotton4.4%
Cotton yarn (other than sewing thread), not put up for retail sale, with 85% or more weight of cottonSingle yarn of uncombed fibers less than 14 nm3.7%
Multiple or cabled yarn of uncombed fibers less than 14 nm5.8%
Cotton yarn (other than sewing thread), not put up for retail sale, with less than 85% weight of cottonSingle yarn of uncombed fibers less than 14 nm9.2%
Multiple or cabled yarn of uncombed fibers less than 14 nm9.2%
Woven fabrics of cotton with 85% or more weight of cotton and weighing less than 200g/m2-unbleached plain weave7%
  1. Nylon Fabric Tariffs
Product DescriptionImport Duty 
Synthetic filament yarn (other than sewing thread), not put up for retail sale- High tenacity yarn of nylon or other polyamides, Whether or not texturedSingle yarn8.8%
Multiple or cabled8%
Synthetic Filament Tow: Of nylon or other polyamides
7.5%
Synthetic staple fibers, not carded, combed or otherwise processed for spinning: Of nylon4.3%
Synthetic staple fibers, carded, combed or otherwise processed for spinning: of nylon5%

3. Polyester Fabric Tariffs

Product DescriptionImport Duty 
Synthetic filament yarn (other than sewing thread), not put up for retail sale- High tenacity yarn of polyesters, Whether or not texturedSingle yarn8.8%
Multiple or cabled7.5%
Synthetic Filament Tow: Of polyester
7.5%
Synthetic staple fibers, not carded, combed or otherwise processed for spinning: Of polyester4.3%
Synthetic staple fibers, carded, combed or otherwise processed for spinning: of polyester5.7%
Woven fabrics of synthetic staple fibers, containing 85% or more by weight of polyesterBleached and unbleached12%

4. Silk Fabric Tariffs

Product DescriptionImport Duty 
Silkworm cocoons suitable for reeling
0%
Raw silkNot thrown0%
Silk waste (Inclusive of cocoons unsuitable for reeling, yarn waste and garnetted stockNot carded or combed0%
Other2.5%
Fabrics of noil silk: Containing 85% or more by weight of silk or silk waste.0.8%

5. Wool Fabric Tariffs

Product DescriptionImport Duty 
Wool, not carded or combedGreasy, including fleece-washed wool0%
Degreased, not carbonized0%
Carbonized0%
Yarn of carded wool, not put up for retail saleContaining 85% or more by weight of wool.6%
Containing less than 85% by weight of wool.6%
Woven fabrics of combed wool Containing 85 percent or more by weight of wool
Tapestry fabrics and upholstery fabrics of a weight not exceeding 140 g/m27%

Summary 

Fabric import duty in the U.S. varies depending on factors such as country of origin, type of material, and level of processing. The specific and detailed rates for every textile product you are interested in can be found on the HTS website

Sources 

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