Crepe Fabric

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Crepe is a type of fabric that undergoes a special weaving treatment method in order to create a unique three-dimensional, rippling texture. This method also makes crepe delicate, which is why it’s only worn on special occasions.

What is crepe fabric?

There’s no clear point in history when crepe fabric first came to be. The concept behind crepe is so simple, so fabric historians believe that many cultures adopted forms of this fabric at one stage of development or another. For example, Orthodox Greek women used crepe fabric for mourning, while various cultures in the Indian subcontinent used it in their traditional garments. 

In Western culture, crepe fabric became more than just a fabric for mourning attire during the 19th century. And in the 21st century, it has become a popular fabric in high fashion and other types of decorative apparel design. 

Silk and wool are the two most commonly used fibers for crepe fabric, but synthetic materials have been utilized as well.

What are the different types of crepe fabric?

Since crepe fabric has been around for many centuries now, it has brought about several variations. The following are some of the most popular types of crepe fabric available on the market today. 

  • Aerophane. This type of crepe fabric features a distinctive gauze-like texture. Aerophane was popular during the mid-19th century, and now it isn’t in production anymore. But though that’s the case, there are many modern crepe fabrics that mimic its classic attributes.
  • Bauté satin. This fabric follows an intricate crepe design — warp weaving with a reversed plain crepe. It’s a French crepe variety that’s still commonly used today.
  • Canton crepe. This was originally produced in China exclusively, but now it’s typically seen in many Asian-inspired crepe garments. 
  • Crepe anglaise. Noted for its black-and-white appearance, this type of crepe fabric was once associated with the rural English lifestyle. 
  • Crepe de sante. Rough and undyed, this crepe fabric is also called “health crepe.”
  • Crepeline. A branded crepe fabric from the 1800s, Crepeline incorporates various modern textile production processes into its creation. 
  • Crepon. This crepe fabric is made from heavier fabric and was a popular fabric during the latter half of the 19th century.
  • French crepe. Also known as “flat crepe,” French crepe is typically used in lingerie. 
  • Plisse. Plisse undergoes chemical treatment in order to create a puckered texture. Because of this, this crepe fabric is used in evening wear. 

What is crepe fabric used for?

Crepe fabric is characterized by its delicate nature, which is why it’s generally used in lightweight types of clothing, such as scarves and eveningwear. If the crepe fabric is made of wool, it’s possible to use it in heavy-duty applications, such as sweaters and dresses, since wool is more durable than silk. 

Crepe fabric isn’t typically seen in everyday, ordinary clothes. Instead, it’s used for fancy clothing, especially garments reserved for fashion photoshoots, weddings, galas, and many more luxurious events.