Satin Fabric

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Satin and silk are always being interchanged in the fabric industry, but mind you that satin is a sort of weave and not a raw fabric material. On the other hand, silk which is created by silkworms is the raw material of the satin fabric. The term “satin” refers to a particular form of weave in which the warp yarns are floated across the weft before tucking under one weft thread and repeating the process. 

What is Satin Fabric?

Generally, the term “satin” does not refer to the actual fabric but rather refers to the type of weave. Along with twill and plain weaves, it is one of the three main textile weaves. This fabric is known to have a smooth, glossy, and elastic finish that can be seen mostly on anything from evening bags to upholstery. 

 

Several warp threads are floated across the weft to create this fabric, then they pass under one weft thread and repeat the process. This weave has fewer interlaces and produces a well-known and adored smooth and shiny surface. It is gleaming because the fibers are even and “floating” on top of the weave, not scattering the light reflecting.

Types of Sateen Fabric

Satin is one of the common fabrics with a wide variety of types. Below are some of the common types:

Antique

It is a thick, dull-looking satin fabric, which commonly has an unsteady slub weave. It is used to make curtains and other upholstery.

Baronet

Baronet is the finest satin weave and is cotton weft with rayon warp. This fabric also comes in a variety of vivid colors, making it ideal for any decorative fabrics and cushions.

Charmeuse

It has an extremely glossy front and a very dull back. Charmeuse is a traditional type of satin with a soft and easy drape. It is also very lightweight, making it ideal for dressmaking.

Crepe-back

Crepe-back is reversible satin fabric, wherein one side has a satin finish, and the other has a crepe texture. It is also used for dressmaking.

Duchess

Duchess satin has a substantial, thick, stiff, and dull material but has solid colors. This fabric is stiffer and less lustrous than ordinary satin. It is commonly used for gowns. 

Messaline

This type of satin is typically made of silk or rayon and is extremely delicate, thin, and highly reflective.

What is Satin Fabric Used For?

Thanks to the different ways the weave is employed, satin has a wide range of functions, from fashion to interior décor. Satin is frequently used to make clothing, furniture, bed linens, shoes/footwear, fashion accessories, evening bags, and clutches.

History & Origin of Satin Fabric

During the medieval era, China only uses silk as the only material in creating satin fabric. In fact, Satin got its modern name from the Chinese port city of Quanzhou, which in medieval Arabic was known as Zaitun. Through the Silk Road, both the weaving and fabric-making processes spread throughout the Middle East. 

Originally, satin was created for the first time in the West in Italy in the twelfth century, and by the fourteenth century, it had spread throughout Europe. The upholstery on a large portion of the furniture in the Palace of Versailles is satin.

How Much is Satin Fabric? (per yard)

The price of satin, in the market, ranges from as low as $3 up to $75 per yard. The pricing highly depends on its type and style.

Pros & Cons of Satin Fabric

Some advantages of satin fabric are they are very versatile, luxury aesthetic, and has a flapping drape with a glossy and smooth surface. On the other hand, some of its drawbacks include difficulty in stitching, easy to brittle, tending to snag, and a high level of maintenance.