Taffeta Fabric

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Tafetta is one of the highly sought fabrics in the world due to its many uses. The fabric is produced in bulk by manufacturers in countries like India, Pakistan, China, Italy, and France. 

What is Taffeta Fabric 

Taffeta is a crisp, shiny, plain-woven fabric that can be made from various types of fiber, including silk, rayon, nylon, and polyester. Traditionally, the material was made from silk. Synthetic and sem-synthetic fibers started being used by manufacturers in the twentieth century. 

One of the unique characteristics of taffeta is that it makes a sound when moving. The rustling is due to the crisp and stiff nature of the material.  

History of Taffeta Fabric 

The origin of the fabric can be traced back to the 12th century in a place called Attabiya, Baghdad. The name taffeta is derived from a Persian word that means twisted woven. 

The fabric was popular in Persia, where it was used to make clothes for nobles. The trend continued once it entered Europe through the Great Silk Road, where it was used by the royal court.  

Types of Taffeta Fabric 

Here are common types of taffeta fabric;

1. Shot Silk Taffeta 

The warp and weft threads are of different colors in this type of taffeta. This results in the display of different colors when viewed from different angles. 

2. Warp-Printed Taffeta 

This type involves the warp threads being printed before weaving, resulting in a pattern of varied colors. 

3. Paper Taffeta 

This type derives its name from its extremely thin and lightweight characteristics, similar to paper.

4. Antique Taffeta  

In this type, the fabric is woven from unevenly spun yarns that create slight bumps. 

5. Faille Taffeta 

Faille is made from natural, short-staple fibers. 

6. Stretch-Taffeta 

This is a type of taffeta that incorporates spandex into the weaving process for stretch and flexibility. 

7. Moire Taffeta 

The fabric is characterized by a permanent or temporary rippling watermark pattern. 

Uses of Taffeta Fabric

Taffeta is considered a high-end fabric, which means it is used to make expensive textiles products in addition to regular goods. The range of goods made from this fabric includes;

  • Wedding dresses
  • Ball gowns
  • Corsets
  • Medical protective clothing
  • Jackets
  • Raincoats
  • Parachutes
  • Interior decorations such as curtains
  • Linings 

Pros and Cons of Taffeta Fabric 

Pros

  • Lightweight
  • Luxurious and pleasant appearance 
  • Smooth
  • Shiny

Cons 

  • Likely to wrinkle
  • Likely to shrink 
  • High maintenance 
  • Low stretchability 
  • Not breathable