Twill Fabric

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Twill fabric is unique because it can be made from any material, but cotton, polyester, and wool are the most popular ones. The fabric is produced and exported by countries like China, India, Pakistan, and the U.S. 

What is Twill Fabric?

Twill fabric is a form of textile weave and not a material. Twill is one of the oldest and essential weaves, along with stain and plain weave.  

The twill fabric has a diagonal pattern formed by passing the weft thread over the adjacent warp threads, then under the subsequent warp threads. An offset is added between the rows to bring out the diagonal weaving pattern. The fabric has a different front and backside. 

Types of Twill Fabric 

Since twill is a type of weave instead of material, there are several types. Here are some of the popular ones.

Natural Twill 

This type is obtained from natural fibers like cotton.

Synthetic Twill

As the name suggests, this type of twill fabric is acquired from synthetic fibers such as polyester. 

Zigzag Twill

Zigzag is the most common of the twill types and the easiest to identify because of its appearance.  

Diamond Twill 

The fabric looks more like diamonds, with multiple lines arranged in a circular pattern. 

Broken Twill

The fabric type has an alternating pattern, hence the name broken twill. 

Elongated Twill 

The fabric displays an elongated appearance obtained by crossing more weft threads with a single weave thread. 

Herringbone Twill 

Herringbone is a type of twill in which the weft and warp threads are of different colors.

Uses of Twill Fabric 

The fabric is used to make clothing and home furnishing products. 

  • Clothing- Denim, polo shirts, jackets, overall, and jumpsuits
  • Home furnishing- Blankets, bed sheets, carpets, cushion covers, and rugs 
  • Upholstery- Sofas, cushions, and chairs 

Pros and Cons of Twill Fabric 


  • Flexible
  • Strong 
  • Durable
  • Stain-resistant
  • Drapes well
  • It doesn’t wrinkle easily 


  • Not very breathable 
  • Easy to shrink
  • The appearance is not very stiff and beautiful 

Care and maintenance of twill fabric

Twill fabric is known for its durability and resilience, but like all fabrics, it requires proper care and maintenance to ensure its longevity. Here are some tips on how to care for and maintain twill fabric:

  1. Read the care label: Before washing your twill fabric, read the care label to determine the appropriate washing and drying instructions. Some twill fabrics may require special care, such as dry cleaning or hand washing.
  2. Pre-treat stains: If your twill fabric has stains, pre-treat them before washing to increase the chances of removal. Use a stain remover or a mild detergent and let it sit for a few minutes before washing.
  3. Wash in cold water: To avoid shrinking or damaging your twill fabric, always wash it in cold water. Use a gentle cycle and mild detergent to prevent any abrasion or damage to the fabric.
  4. Avoid using bleach or fabric softener: Bleach can weaken the fibers of your twill fabric, causing it to become less durable over time. Fabric softener can also damage twill fabric, causing it to lose its shape and resilience.
  5. Hang or lay flat to dry: Avoid using a dryer to dry your twill fabric, as high heat can damage the fibers and cause shrinkage. Instead, hang your fabric to dry or lay it flat on a clean surface.
  6. Iron on low heat: If your twill fabric requires ironing, use a low heat setting to avoid damaging the fibers. Avoid using steam, as it can cause water spots or shrinkage.

By following these tips, you can ensure that your twill fabric stays looking great and lasts for many years to come.

Sustainability of twill fabric

The production and use of twill fabric can have environmental impacts, including the use of natural resources and chemicals, as well as waste generated during the manufacturing process. However, there are some sustainable alternatives to traditional twill fabric production that can help reduce these impacts.

  1. Organic cotton: Organic cotton is grown without the use of synthetic fertilizers or pesticides, reducing the environmental impact of cotton production. Organic cotton twill fabric is also often processed using environmentally-friendly methods, such as low-impact dyes and water conservation techniques.
  2. Recycled materials: Recycled materials, such as recycled polyester or recycled cotton, can be used to make twill fabric. These materials help reduce waste and conserve natural resources.
  3. Hemp: Hemp is a fast-growing and sustainable crop that requires fewer resources to grow compared to other crops like cotton. Hemp twill fabric is also naturally durable and resistant to mold and mildew.
  4. Linen: Linen is made from flax, which requires less water and pesticides to grow compared to cotton. Linen twill fabric is also naturally moisture-wicking and breathable.
  5. Upcycling and recycling: To reduce waste and the environmental impact of twill fabric, it is also possible to upcycle and recycle existing twill fabric. This can involve repurposing or repairing old twill garments, or using fabric scraps to make new products.

Overall, choosing sustainable alternatives to traditional twill fabric production can help reduce the environmental impact of twill fabric. By using environmentally-friendly materials and production methods, and by reducing waste through upcycling and recycling, we can help create a more sustainable and eco-friendly fashion industry.

What kinds of Twill Fabric are ideal?

The ideal type of twill fabric can depend on the specific application or use case. Here are some common types of twill fabric and their ideal uses:

  1. Cotton twill: Cotton twill is a versatile and durable fabric that can be used for a wide range of applications, including clothing, home decor, and accessories. It is a popular choice for making jeans, chinos, and workwear, as well as upholstery and slipcovers.
  2. Denim: Denim is a type of cotton twill fabric that is commonly used for making jeans and other casual wear. It is known for its durability and strength, and its distinctive blue color.
  3. Wool twill: Wool twill is a high-quality fabric that is often used for making suits, jackets, and coats. It has a smooth finish and a diagonal weave pattern, which gives it a distinctive texture and appearance.
  4. Silk twill: Silk twill is a luxurious and lightweight fabric that is often used for making scarves, ties, and other accessories. It has a soft and smooth texture, and a subtle sheen that gives it a high-end look.
  5. Herringbone twill: Herringbone twill is a patterned twill fabric that has a distinctive zigzag pattern. It is often used for making tailored clothing, such as suits and blazers, as well as home decor and accessories.

Ultimately, the ideal type of twill fabric will depend on the specific application or use case, as well as personal preferences and style. It is important to consider factors such as durability, texture, and appearance when selecting twill fabric for a particular project.

Future of Twill Fabric

The future of twill fabric is likely to involve continued innovation and adaptation to changing consumer demands and technological advancements. Here are some possible developments that may shape the future of twill fabric:

  1. Sustainable production: As environmental concerns become more pressing, the demand for sustainable and eco-friendly fabrics is likely to increase. This could lead to the development of new production methods and materials that reduce the environmental impact of twill fabric, such as organic cotton, recycled polyester, or low-impact dyes.
  2. Smart fabrics: The integration of technology into fabrics is an area of ongoing research and development. Smart fabrics, which can sense and respond to changes in their environment, could have a wide range of applications, from medical devices to sports apparel. Twill fabric could be one material that is used to make smart fabrics due to its durability and strength.
  3. New applications: Twill fabric is a versatile material that is used in a wide range of applications, from clothing to home decor to automotive. As new technologies and industries emerge, there may be new applications for twill fabric that have not yet been fully explored.
  4. Customization: The trend towards customization and personalization is likely to continue, and twill fabric could be used as a base material for customizable products, such as clothing or home decor items. Digital printing and other technologies could be used to create custom patterns and designs on twill fabric.
  5. Circular economy: As the circular economy gains momentum, there may be new opportunities to recycle and upcycle twill fabric, reducing waste and extending the lifespan of products. This could involve developing new techniques for recycling and repurposing twill fabric, as well as designing products that are easy to disassemble and reuse.

Overall, the future of twill fabric is likely to involve continued innovation and adaptation to changing consumer demands and technological advancements, with a focus on sustainability, customization, and new applications.