Rayon Fabric (Artificial Silk)

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Rayon is among the most popular and highly used fabric in the world. The top producers and exporters of the material are China, Indonesia, Italy, and India. 

What is Rayon Fabric  

Rayon fabric is a material made from semi-synthetic fibers. This is because it is made from purified cellulose-based materials derived from plants, after which the fibers undergo heavy chemical processing. 

Rayon can always be blended with other natural and synthetic fibers to produce better products and cut raw materials costs. 

Among the reasons why the fabric is popular is because it is cheap than most fabrics. The resulting products are, therefore, more affordable. 

History of Rayon Fabric 

Rayon is one of the oldest fabrics in the textile industry and was the first cellulosic fiber to be manufactured. 

Although the development of rayon goes back several centuries ago, the first practical commercial production of the material was in 1884. This breakthrough was realized in France by Count Hilaire de Chardonnet.

Artificial Silk (art silk) Fabric

Artificial silk or mostly known as Art Silk is made from man-made fiber. Its common fabric material is rayon, but today it can also be made of 100% sustainable polyester fiber to imitate silk.

Artificial silk (art silk, aka. rayon) is any synthetic fiber that resembles silk, but typically costs less to produce. So rayon fabrics is the textile made of artificial silk.

Uses of Rayon Fabric 

Rayon is a unique fabric with broad applications in the fashion industry, athletic wear, and even home decor. Here are some of the products made using the fabric:

  • Tunics
  • Dresses
  • Skirts
  • Shirts
  • Lingerie
  • Beddings 
  • Children clothing 
  • Shoes
  • Bags
  • Curtains
  • Drapes
  • Carpets

Pros and Cons of Rayon Fabric 

Pros

  • Cheap 
  • A versatile fabric
  • Lightweight
  • It has a luxurious appearance
  • Ability to shape-shift 
  • Soft and comfortable  
  • Absorbs moisture and water well 
  • Retains color well 

Cons

  • Not durable
  • Can easily shrink
  • Limited washing methods 
  • Not easily stretchable 
  • Not sustainable 
  • Vulnerable to temperature changes 

Types of Rayon Fabric

There are three common types of rayon: viscose, lyocell, and modal, bamboo rayon.. 

1. Viscose Rayon

Viscose is the most common type of rayon fabric and is also the one with the lowest strength. The material is derived from wood pulp and is considered a substitute for silk. 

2. Modal Rayon

Modal is made from beech tree pulp. The fabric is usually made with a mixture of other fibers, such as cotton, to make it stronger.  

Modal is a more expensive fabric than viscose since it is considered more luxurious. 

3. Lyocell Rayon 

Similar to modal rayon, lyocell is also obtained from beech trees. The notable difference is that the production process of lyocell makes use of fewer harsh chemicals. Lyocell rayon is highly absorbent compared to the viscose type, which makes it suitable for making clothes.

4. Bamboo rayon fabric:

It is made mostly from natural fibers that are infused with human-made chemicals to create a strong and durable fabric. While beech tree pulp and fiber are commonly used, it is also common to use bamboo. In Bamboo Rayon, the bamboo fibers are reshaped, creating regenerated cellulose.